Diabetes is a chronic disease problem that happens either when the pancreas refuses to make enough insulin or when the body cannot utilize effectively the insulin it produces. Note that, insulin is a hormone in your body saddled with the responsibility of regulating your blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia (increased blood sugar) is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time causes severe damage to many systems in your body, especially the blood vessels and nerves.
Adults with diabetes have a two- to three-fold increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Combined with lesser blood flow, nerve damage in the feet triggers your risk of foot ulcers, infection and eventual need for limb amputation. Diabetes is the cause of 2.6% of global blindness, and it is also among the leading causes of kidney failure.
What Are The Types Of Diabetes?
They are three most common types of diabetes, they include, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce insulin. Your immune system attacks and damages the cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can occur at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
- Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not produce urine or utilize it well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even when you are still a child. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people.
- Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes disappears after the baby is given birth to. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in the future. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes.
The warning signs can be so mild that you don’t notice them easily. That’s especially true of type 2 diabetes. Some people don’t find out they have it until they get complicated.
With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen fastly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They’re much more severe, too.
For the purpose of familiarizing you with what you will likely experience when you have diabetes, I am going to explain some of the possible signs you may notice when your blood sugar level is high. If you notice these signs below, go for blood sugar test:
- Hunger and fatigue
Your body breaks down the food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. But insulin is needed by your cells to take in glucose. If your body doesn’t produce enough or any insulin, or if your cells doesn’t receive the insulin your body makes, the glucose can’t get into them and you have no energy. This can make you to regularly feel hungry and more tired than usual.
- Nausea and vomiting
When your body resorts to burning fat, it makes ketones. These can accumulate in your blood to perilous levels, a possibly life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones can make you feel sick to your stomach.
- Peeing more often and being thirstier
The average person usually has to pee between four and seven times in 24 hours, but diabetic patients may go a lot more. Your body normally reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidney organ. But when diabetes makes your blood sugar to rise, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back in. This causes your body to make more urine, and that takes fluids. You might pee out more, too. Because you’re peeing so much, you can get very thirsty. When you drink more, you’ll also pee more.
- Unplanned weight loss
If your body stops getting energy from the food you eat, it will start burning your muscle and fat for energy instead. This makes you to lose weight even though you haven’t changed your eating habit.
Sugar or glucose has tremendous effect in your body and, so when it’s lacking in your body, the person will start noticing alot of dangerous things. If you feel dizzy even after having a meal, then visit a medical doctor for blood sugar test.
Other symptoms of high blood sugar include:
• Burry vision.
• Fast heartbeat.
• Tingly or numb in your lips, tongue, or cheeks.
• Slow-healing cuts and sores.
• Sugar in your urine.
• Vaginal and skin infections.
• Weight loss.
• Warm, dry skin that doesn’t sweat.
• Dry, parched mouth.
• Have a bad belly ache.
Diabetes is a health condition that requires careful blood sugar management and a healthy lifestyle for a person to be able to manage it well. The complications of diabetes can be serious, including kidney failure and stroke, so managing the condition is vital. Once you begin to experience diabetes symptoms, endeavour to visit the doctor for blood sugar test.