Hepatitis means the inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is a very common virus. Worldwide, an estimated two billion people have been infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), and more than 350 million are chronic carriers of the virus. Hepatitis B is a very severe infection of the liver that is triggered by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus can be transferred from person to person through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva, or other body fluids. But it doesn’t spread by sneezing or coughing. Hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it lasts more than six months. Having hepatitis B that lasts for a long period makes your risk of developing liver failure rise, liver cancer, or cirrhosis a condition that permanently scars the liver.
Adults with hepatitis B can recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are serious. Infants and children are more susceptible to suffer a chronic hepatitis B infection.
Symptoms Of Hepatitis B.
If you have infectious forms of hepatitis that are chronic, like hepatitis B you may not have symptoms in the beginning. Symptoms may not occur until the damage has an impact on your liver function.
Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis appear quickly. They include:
- Abdominal pain.
Loss of appetite.
Unexpected weight loss.
Yellow skin and eyes which may be a sign of jaundice.
Here Are 5 Things You Should Not Do To Prevent Hepatitis B.
What you eat, drink, breathe, smoke, inject and apply to your skin passes through the liver. The liver processes everything it can, and tries to metabolize potentially harmful substances, such as drugs or alcohol. If a substance is harmful, or if there is too much of it, the liver can become overburdened. This is particularly true about alcohol and drugs, whether prescription, nonprescription, or illicit. Smoking cigarettes or marijuana may also damage your liver. Some of the things you shouldn’t do are;
- Stop drinking alcohol excessively
Research has found that alcohol consumption makes Hepatitis-B Virus risk rise. This promotes liver damage and aggravates your chance of developing cirrhosis. Even moderate amounts of alcohol may trigger your risk of fibrosis. Heavy alcohol use increases your risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, a type of liver cancer.
To prevent this infection, try to reduce your consumption of alcohol. The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Dietary has advised that one drink should be taken per day for women and two drinks per day for men.
- Stop excessive intake of sugar
Adding too much sugar to your garri, tea, can lead to an increased risk of hepatitis B. Fructose is sugar that breaks down in your liver, and too much fructose consumption can increase triglycerides, lead to insulin resistance, and may increase your fatty liver disease risk. U.S. Dietary Guidelines suggest that added sugar consumption should be less than 10% of calories each day.
- Don’t abuse drugs
Inhaling drugs may also transmit HBV through tiny droplets of blood passed on straws. The nasal passages break easily, especially when they are dry. There is also a risk of passing hepatitis B through mouth sores, chapped lips, or bleeding gums when sharing items like crack pipes.
To reduce the risk of contracting or transmitting hepatitis B and to protect the liver, consider stopping illicit drug use.
- Stop coming in contact with peoples blood
HBV can be spread by contact with the blood or other body fluids (i.e. semen or vaginal fluid) of an infected person. But HBV infection cannot be transferred through ordinary day-to-day activities such as eating and drinking with friends or family; sharing washing or toilet facilities and hugs, kisses, and swimming in pools. HBV cannot be passed on by tears, sweat, coughs, sneezes, or insect bites. It can be spread through the transfusion of blood from an infected person to an uninfected person. Ensure to wear a hand glove while coming in contact with people’s blood.
- Don’t share your razor blade, needles, and other sharp objects with people
Hepatitis B can spread through using unsterilized razors, tattooing, piercing, and manicures tools. Don’t share razor blades or any sharp objects with people as you don’t know who is a carrier of the virus.
- Don’t engage in unprotected sex
Hepatitis B can be transferred through having unprotected sexual activity. Abstinence from sex is the best option to keep Hepatitis B from being spread sexually from one person to another. If an infected person wants to have sex, a condom should be used. Condoms should be used until the doctor confirms that there is no longer any risk of spreading the disease.
Ensure you follow these health tips strictly. Once the symptoms are noticed go for a test. Collect vaccines that can prevent hepatitis B, but there’s no cure if you have this disease.
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